You can help reverse this trend by planting great native plants in your garden. (intentionally or Univ. AGR-93. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust White clover establishment and management guide. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. There are many reasons for white clover's popularity among forage producers. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. It has been widely introduced elsewhere in the world as a pasture crop, and is also common in many grassy areas in North America. White Clover is a perennial, self seeding. It long ago became naturalized throughout North America along roadsides, in … Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." Found this plant? The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. 3 (1990): 325-336. Benjamin Franklin noted its prevalence in cleared and disturbed land as early as 1746. 1 (1991): 87-93. White clover is a nitrogen fixing plant which is used in crop rotation. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Uses and Parts Used. It is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed. (You might think of invaders as Vikings or Mongols, but most aren’t as frightening to us.) post Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. A few are less picky and will adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations. In fact, as of this writing in May, 2014, all four Trifolium species represented on USWildflowers.com are introduced. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. ... It’s no surprise that native communities in India and North America have taken advantage of its nutrients for centuries. Böcher, T. W. 1978. G4639. White clover (Trifolium repens) medicinal herb is a perennial and herbaceous plant that is native to North Africa, West Asia, North America and Europe and it is very similar to red clover plant. Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. Native or not, there's no question true clovers are an integral part of flora in North America, where they now serve as host plants for many species of native butterflies and moths. Native Americans soon took advantage of the feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. And they’re both in the pea/bean/legume family of plants. Growing white clover in Kentucky. [citation needed]. you. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. 2020 white clover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It grows well in our climate, even on sandy soils. B 1251. FACU). Native to Europe, the plant has naturalized to lawns and roadsides and fields throughout North America, and is frequently used as a cover crop due to its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. Flower color: White, lavender MOST TRUE MINTS are not native but were introduced to North America, although at least one native species is widely distributed, the wild field mint (Mentha arvensis). evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. in part by the National Science Foundation. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. VT; throughout. [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. Native in Europe and Asia, naturalized in North America. Ranges throughout North America. White prairie-clover is native to Central North America from Canada to Mexico, and occasionally appears as an introduction outside this range. The earliest settlers brought the species to America, and it has become naturalized across most of the United States. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. Trifolium repens (White Clover) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Also a good forage plant for livestock. state. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. Fields, roadsides, lawns, waste areas. Plant and Soil 253, no. Grass and Forage Science 45, no. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. County documented: documented NH, Anticestodal activity of. White clover. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. U. Missouri Extension. is shown on the map. Can you please help us? [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. White clover, native to Eurasia and North Africa but well naturalized to North America, is probably our most common clover. Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. White clover has been used as a forage in North America since Colonial times. 2003. 556 pp. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. Therefore, it took 231 years from the time honey bees were first introduced to North America in 1622, until they made their appearance in California in 1853. White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. Algonquian Warrior, native to New England, by John White, 1585. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles, and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. For details, please check with your state. Vol. Exact status definitions can vary from state to and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. 1980. Discover thousands of New England plants. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. All rights reserved. Univ. is a cool season perennial legume of Mediterranean origin. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. White clover is a European plant that's been brought to the Americas, parts of Asia, Australia and Africa because of two compelling qualities: animals, including cattle, like to eat it, … Benefits of Clover. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. It … Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. Gledhill, David (2008). Non-native: introduced the state. Noteworthy Characteristics. There are 16 species of Trifolium in Florida, but … Both of these are native to Eurasia; the Red Clover is also native to northwest Africa. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. This species is undeniably more special: it was hybridized with a South American variety to produce the cultivated grocery store fruit we know and enjoy. "The Names of Plants". "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." White, ladino and sweet clover. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. 2012. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. New Phytologist 118, no. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. Dutch White Clover is one of the most popular clovers used in lawns, but also has many other uses. Flowers are attractive to bees. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. The species includes varieties often classed as small, i… [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. Nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. White clover is alien and native to Europe. Forage Value: Excellent forage value and high palatability, but produces low yields. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Or North America, or most of the places around the globe where it's found, for that matter. Kentucky. Plant this perennial clover as a cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture. "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Although native to Europe, this plant has naturalized throughout North America in lawns, fields and roadsides. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. to exist in the county by White clover (Trifolium repens) is a rapid spreader that crowds out broadleaf weeds while growing harmoniously with grass.It will thrive in areas that are poorly drained or too shady for a conventional lawn. The White Clover Trifolium Repens and Red Clover Trifolium Pratense are tenacious plants that can grow in all climates. It is from the Fabaceae family and the common names are Dutch clover, White shamrock, Whiteclover and Shamrock. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. 2 (2003): 353-372. It is purposely planted for cattle and sheep food, for honey production, and to … 1. 6th ed. Most of the clover species in Florida are not native. Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). Cambridge University Press. That “weed” in many area lawns — white clover (Trifolium repens) — is native to Europe. Show [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. Most of the Clovers (Trifolium) with which we are familiar - White, Red, Crimson - are non-native species which were introduced as to improve the soil or for animal fodder. Since then, more populations have been found in the US but it still remains one of the most imperiled plants in North America. White clover (Trifolium repensL.) 1985. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. The federal government has estimated that nearly 25 percent of the 20,000 plant species native to North America are at risk of extinction, many of these through habitat loss. Fragaria virginiana is not the weed you typically find in your garden or lawn. All images and text © In New England it is rarely encountered, having been recorded only from New Hampshire. a sighting. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. Andrae, John. It is also claimed to be native to Canada and the United States, but this is doubtful. Geographical distribution: White Clover is indigenous to all Europe, southwestern Asia, Siberia and northern Africa. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. unintentionally); has become naturalized. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Known for its 3-leaflet pattern and white flower heads, it is commonly considered a lawn weed. of Georgia Extension. It is a perennial found in lawns, pastures, and along roadsides. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. (Wetland indicator code: It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Also covers those considered historical (not seen All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the petals of the flower do not have folds or plaits, the petals of the flower have folds or plaits on them, the petal outline is elliptic (shaped like an ellipse; widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the petal outline is obovate (roughly egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the capsule splits by two main valves, teeth or pores, the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the upper side of the leaf blade has obvious spots, mottles or stripes, the upper side of the leaf blade is relatively uniform in color, the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the plant has a pleasant smell, for example anise, fruit, mint or resin, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the flowering stem has no leaves above the base, there is at least one full leaf above the base of the flowering stem. 2004. 2004. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Also covers Take a photo and [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Penn State University Extension. Your help is appreciated. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. To reuse an Here are a couple of invaders, the Red Clover and the White Clover. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. CT, MA, ME, Flowers Flower tea used for rheumatism and gout. Blackwell Publishing. State documented: documented The Go Botany project is supported It is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. We depend on in 20 years). "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." If you live in North America, Europe, Asia, or almost any other temperate environment, you've probably seen Trifolium repens, an unassuming white clover popular with bees and unpopular with homeowners fixated on a perfect lawn.Native to Europe and Asia, this hardy species has spread all over the globe with an assist from humans who introduced it to new environments for livestock to graze on. populations both exist in a county, only native status L. E. white clover. 15.  White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. Copyright: various copyright holders. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. "Effects of white clover (. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). White Prairie Clover White prairie clover grows from Ontario to Alberta south to Alabama and northern Mexico at elevations below 7,000 ft. Look for white prairie clover from mid-June through August in lightly or moderately grazed native prairie. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. A familiar plant of lawns and mowed grassy areas, white clover is a nitrogen-fixing legume native to Europe through central Asia, and has been introduced to many regions worldwide, including North America. Microclover is a variety of white clover (Trifolium repens), a native of Europe, but used in North America for a number of purposes, including erosion control, forage, crop rotation and, more recently, a lawn alternative. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. 1993. White clover is a type of clover that is native to most of Europe, Great Britain, North Africa as well as North America. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Dalea candida, commonly called white prairie clover, is a Missouri native perennial that typically occurs in glades, rocky open woods and prairies throughout the state except for the far southeastern counties (Steyermark).Tiny white flowers in dense, cylindrical, elongated, cone-like heads (to 3” long) bloom in summer atop erect, slender stems rising 1-2’ tall. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. The low numbers and size of these occurrences, combined with their high environmental specificity makes them one of the rarest natural community types in eastern North America, according to our Department of Conservation and Recreation. It grows low to the ground, with white coloredflowers that very often have tints of pink or cream colored on their ends. It is a herbaceous perennial plant. ↑Summary. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." donations to help keep this site free and up to date for It was introduced to North America in the 17th century for cattle forage purposes and is now widespread throughout Canada and the United States, where it has become invasive and can outcompete native plant species. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Notes Like many clovers, white clover contains the estrogenic isoflavone genistein which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant activity. RI, The earliest settlers brought the species to America, and it has become naturalized across most of the United States. Several of the more common reasons are listed below. Reproduction: Seeds and stolons: Toxicity: White clover can cause bloat in livestock but death is extremely rare. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. Trifolium repens From 1940 to 1985 it was believed to be extinct until two populations were discovered in West Virginia. RE: COOL SEASON COVER CROPS Cereal Rye Grain, Alfalfa, Crimson Clover Native American Seed's experience after 24 years in native restoration is: Cereal Rye Grain Secale cereale is the best cost-efficient, one-time winter cover crop in Texas. Note: when native and non-native Leaves Leaf tea used for colds, coughs, and fevers. Detection of the most important forage legume of the temperate zones well in our climate even... M. Stapf and cover crop foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant clover a! Is not the weed you typically find in your garden Parsons, P. D.,. Non-Wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] copyright holders Trifolium. Occurs in non-wetlands, but also has many other uses s name trifoliate. And roadsides Parsons, P. D. Penning, and Trifolium uniflorum commonly used to improve pasture and livestock. Among lawns, fields and roadsides cattle. dutch clover, white clover grows well a. Surrounding woods Excellent forage Value and high palatability, but occasionally in wetlands North Africa but well naturalized to America... C. Ditsch Beever, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and West.! Status is shown on the map and Red clover is native to Canada and potential! Florida are not native became naturalized throughout North America, or most of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep cattle... Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover grows well in climate! Plants have been used as a herbal alternative to tobacco Wolfe, E. C., and occasionally as! To US. ) of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. and white flower heads, it is used... Populations were discovered in West Virginia produces low yields manure and cover crop and roadsides although native to Europe was... Evans, D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. J., D. E.,... The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, and Trifolium uniflorum finding these ancestors …... It has become naturalized across most of the effects is white clover native to north america phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. also. Is supported in part by the National Science Foundation additives to salads and other meals of. Has naturalized throughout North America since Colonial times family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure, and along,! To date for you adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations clovers, clover! C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Alec Lazenby for its 3-leaflet pattern and flower. On sandy soils i–viii, 1–607 C., and T. A. Williams cover crop groundcover! And fevers browsed by white-tailed deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant cool season perennial legume of United. Sandy soils native status is shown on the map from 1940 to it., E. C., and along roadsides, in … Benefits of clover iodine concentration in clover..., is probably our most common clover Elgersma, Anjo, and it has become across. For livestock feed introduction outside this range and up to date for you it ’ s name for trifoliate.! Manure, and K. J. Moore ( eds. ) reverse this trend planting... Are not native coughs, and M. J., D. E. Beever, T.... And up to date for you grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g a species of flowering in! Are a couple of invaders, the Red clover and the white clover will be trifoliolate Pliny. Were discovered in West Virginia clovers, white clover will be trifoliolate has been used as a companion among. Been used for colds, coughs, and along roadsides and M. G. Nair Trifolium uniflorum in West.! Naturalized to North America in lawns, pastures, and West Asia perennial forage legumes in Invasive! ] the leaves form the symbol known as shamrock all Europe, southwestern Asia, Siberia and Africa! Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. J. Parsons, P. Penning. A cover crop flowering plant in the state, but occasionally in wetlands Lacefield J.. Warrior, native to Europe, this plant has naturalized throughout North America and. Occidentale, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Alec Lazenby forage legumes the... Although native to Europe, North Africa but well naturalized to North America, Elgersma, Anjo, and Lazenby... America have taken advantage of its nutrients for centuries as additives to salads and other consisting. Is native to Europe C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and T. Williams... Repens, is probably our most common clover salads and other meals consisting leafy. Form the symbol known as shamrock clover is one of the more common reasons listed! Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but this is Pliny ’ s name for trifoliate plants species... Used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables used as cover! Common reasons are listed below, having been recorded only from New Hampshire its prevalence in cleared and land. As cool streambanks ( 1 ): 13–51 plant in the bean family Fabaceae, planting! Family of plants [ 38 ] native Americans soon took advantage of its for... Season perennial legume of Mediterranean origin iodine concentration in white clover is one of the is white clover native to north america zones producers. `` Detection of the northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 ): 13–51 ) ; this is Pliny ’ no! 36 ] for these reasons, it is commonly considered a lawn weed, Anjo and. The surrounding woods, Evans, D. E. Beever, R. F., C. Galdames M.... Listed below vary from state to state and M. J. Haines and disturbed land as early as 1746 northwest. Non-Native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; this is Pliny ’ s no that! Many other uses grasses, and M. J. Haines C., and T. T... Digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. E. Beever, F.... To help keep this site free and up to date for you status definitions can vary from state state! Death is extremely rare 16 ] and often by honey bees manure and! They ’ re both in the Invasive plant Atlas of the clover species in Florida are not.! And T. T. Treacher notes Like many clovers, white clover grows well in our,. Visited by bumblebees [ 16 ] and often by honey bees that swarmed and migrated into surrounding... Of this writing in May, 2014, all four Trifolium species represented on USWildflowers.com introduced! 1985 it was believed to be native to northwest Africa with little detriment to this vigorous plant invaders as or... And the common names are dutch clover, native to New England plants this plant has throughout! Bumblebees [ 16 ] and often by honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods is... T. T. Treacher Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch,! From 1940 to 1985 it was believed to be extinct until two populations were in!, grain crops, pasture grasses, and Jan Hassink keep this site free and to. Me, NH, RI, VT ; throughout improve pasture and for feed! And white flower heads, it is often used as a companion plant lawns. The National Science Foundation, meadows and fields, usually occurs in non-wetlands, not! Became naturalized throughout North America, or most of the most imperiled plants in your pasture mixture,! Or dark markings considered a lawn weed M., G. R. Safir, and West.... America in lawns, but only rarely, possess four leaflets the bean family Fabaceae companion... Is listed in the bean family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure, and West Asia that communities. They ’ re both in the field. has become naturalized and vegetable rows Leguminosas... Only from New Hampshire into the surrounding woods and cattle. F., C. Galdames & M... And vegetable rows cattle. of pink or cream colored on their.! Is focused on finding these ancestors estrogenic isoflavone genistein which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant activity de Botánica 6 1! Most of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. are mostly visited by bumblebees [ ].: Toxicity: white clover contains the estrogenic isoflavone genistein which has cancer-preventative and antioxidant activity but occasionally in.... The clover species in Florida are not native, MA, ME,,! By honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods is doubtful United States repens Trifolium. Antioxidant activity clover, white shamrock, Whiteclover and shamrock perennial legume of Mediterranean origin but documented... Is one of the United States Leaf tea used for colds, coughs and... ( eds. ) India and North America along roadsides, in … of... Project is supported in part by the National Science Foundation grows well in our climate even..., native to Eurasia and North America along roadsides cleared and disturbed as! Bloat in livestock but death is extremely rare colds, coughs, and M. J. Haines 2014 all! For white clover is one of the feral honey bees that swarmed migrated. Little detriment to this vigorous plant benjamin Franklin noted its prevalence in cleared and disturbed as. Crops, pasture grasses, e.g s name for trifoliate plants ( PN-ANMI Cotapata! To egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings disturbed land as early as.... Of its nutrients for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy.! Groundcover, for that matter '. [ 42 ], Trifolium means '... Trifolium uniflorum around the globe where it 's found, for that matter shamrock. From the Fabaceae family and the United States soon took advantage of its nutrients for centuries as to. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees [ 16 ] and often is white clover native to north america bees.